Haste Ye Back To Scotland
Responding to the question, “what is beat music” as Brian Wilson was performing with the Beach Boys on Ready, Steady, Go [9/64], he responded, “Surf music is beat music with surfer lyrics”. The band who had 5 hit albums in the US and soon to release their Christmas album had arrived for the first time in the UK, 6 months after the Beatles were showcased on the Ed Sullivan Show in the US… https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=1&v=vcYrmYeyFsM
Contemporary music was changing in Scotland along with the rest of the UK, USA, and Australia as “beat” groups were eclipsing jazz and folk bands also popular at the time. Just two years after The Beatles began their year of touring commencing in Elgin, Scotland [3 Jan 63], their music and that of their contemporaries had made inroads into the larger American market with young “baby boomers” looking for new styles of music and fashion that reflected the changing perspectives and lifestyles.
The north of Scotland was a destination for new British groups touring to gain a reputation and sell their records in 1965. LCB Agency [Albert Bonici’s promotions in Elgin, Moray] had two groups on tour every week and were keeping up the momentum by printing reduced price “tickets” in the dead of winter 1965:
promotional discounts were given to bearers of tickets/flyers to bring in guests in winter/1965
In 1965, British beat bands popular in the USA included;
The Searchers https://scotbeat.wordpress.com/2014/03/18/love-potion-number-9/
The Beatles https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oPkNAP8AQtk
The Animals https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HHjKzr6tLz0
The Who https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZJrdPE8imas
The Hollies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leU5AvubeUg
The Zombies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9vrt0b5bQAk
The Kinks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l9H8EDxRbaQ
The Yardbirds https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qQGeBynppmU
The Rolling Stones https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=60DKSdfw8FI
The Moody Blues https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BrMQUDx3NmI
besides a variety of pop acts like The DC5, Freddy And The Dreamers, Herman’s Hermits, Tom Jones, and Shirley Bassey (who sang Goldfinger for the first James Bond film).
Although current American groups like The Beach Boys https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rCR76ml2Skc and The Supremes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6yPcoS7Y38Q held their own amongst young music fans, “Beatlemania” was in full swing as the US market was saturated with everything from Beatles trading cards to bobble head Beatles besides a weekly cartoon. http://www.openculture.com/2014/09/the-beatles-saturday-morning-cartoon-show.html.
Beatles music was already becoming popular by summer of ’63 and gained momentum after their early performances on The Ed Sullivan Show [feb/’64]. In the coming months, folk music acts were losing popularity as British music was coming into favour as television programming like Shindig! [which replaced Hootenanny] gained a youthful audience.
The Beat music bands were also popular amongst the youth in the UK though BBC had tried to put a damper on the new music by lack of radio airplay. Before BBC Radio 1 was launched in ’67, British youth listened to Radio Luxembourg, “pirate radio” and broadcasts from Radio London [Dec/’64] and others operating from international waters. “The first pirate station broadcast in the UK was Radio Caroline in 1964. Scotland had its own pirate station – Radio Scotland which began broadcasting on New Year’s Eve 1965. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_78qsRhdDDE Radio Scotland was hugely popular. When it was finally forced to shut by the government in 1967, more than 2 million people signed a petition to try to keep it going. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_78qsRhdDDE This was unsuccessful and so Radio Scotland and all the other pirate radio stations were closed down.” Fortunately, music television shows continued to introduce new folk, blues, and beat groups besides dance and concert halls with live shows across Great Britain. “1965 marked the first year The Who entered the mainstream, thanks to the success of their first two singles, “I Can’t Explain” and “Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere“, which afforded them numerous appearances on BBC radio and television, most notably the Ready Steady Go! TV program. Meanwhile the band performed continuously in the United Kingdom throughout the year, with brief stops in France and Scandinavia. Their act consisted mostly of R&B and Motown covers, but more and more original material appeared as the year wore on, particularly by the release of the My Generation album in December.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Who_Tour_1965 1965 was another triumph for the Beatles who played a big part in ushering in the “British Invasion” in the United States after The Beatles appeared on three consecutive Sundays in February 1964 on The Ed Sullivan Show. http://www.beatlesagain.com/the-beatles-on-ed-sullivan.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Ed_Sullivan_Show A few months after performances in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and London and the release of A Hard Days Night http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Hard_Day’s_Night_(film) the Beatles began their first US tour in San Francisco in August ’64, returning August ’65 and again in August ’66 with their final US performance in “the city by the bay”. Their final live tour in the UK commenced in Glasgow, Scotland to cheering crowds. http://www.beatlesbible.com/1965/12/03/the-beatles-final-uk-tour-glasgow/ Here is their concert at Shea Stadium in June/1965 with Ed Sullivan introducing them… http://vimeo.com/64434714 The Beatles popularity grew internationally with their early cinema features A Hard Day’s Night (1964) and Help! (1965) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles_in_film Whilst the band were enjoying their newfound fame and fortune, in 1965 the doors swung wide open for many talented British musicians and entertainers who sought an international audience to sell their products in mass. London became known as “Swingin’ London” and the British clothing market also took advantage of the trend with “mod” fashion as both television and movies reflected the changing styles. The second “British Invasion” came in the form of music videos broadcasted by MTV in 1981. The Beatles are credited for popularizing music videos when they decided not to tour and opted for distributing videos of some of their tunes. MTV took advantage of a wealth of music videos that were being produced by both British and American bands. Music videos helped to launch careers for many musicians as the new television station secured a large platform via the advent of cable television. http://893fm.com.au/programs/beatlemania/ http://www.sixtiesmusic.org/sixtiesmusichistory1965.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RkQMpOVIhQU http://bigozine2.com/roio/?p=658 [song tracks1965] British beat music http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beat_music http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1965_in_British_music http://www.rockmusictimeline.com/1965.html http://www.skidmore.edu/~gthompso/britrock/60brchro/60brch65.html http://www.uk-charts.top-source.info/top-100-1965.shtml http://www.pophistorydig.com/topics/tag/pop-culture-1965/ http://www.the60sofficialsite.com/British_Music_Invasion.html